The Institute of Social & Economic Research

The Alaska Citizen's Guide to the Budget

Financial Assistance
provided by:

Fiscal Policy Council of Alaska

Comparisons
Budget History
General Fund
Appropriations
Operating Spending
Outlays
Jobs
Payroll
Budget Shifting

 

 

3. Budget History

3.5 Employment

The number of public employees is a common indicator of the size of government. One way to measure state workers is by the number of positions approved in the budget. State government employment growth since 1990 has been small.

(See also the Comparison to the U.S. average.)


Budgeted State Employment
Fiscal Year
Full Time
Part Time
Temporary
1980
-
-
-
1981
13,073
2,560
438
1982
14,036
2,030
495
1983
15,665
2,913
383
1984
16,262
3,098
470
1985
16,578
3,030
566
1986
16,763
3,083
512
1987
16,038
3,194
668
1988
15,788
3,247
1,365
1989
16,245
3,506
604
1990
16,457
3,296
1,283
1991
16,861
3,160
1,438
1992
16,933
3,058
1,095
1993
16,741
3,030
1,273
1994
17,143
2,961
1,302
1995
17,544
2,891
1,411
1996
17,595
2,828
1,315
1997
17,064
2,797
1,377
1998
17,158
2,543
1,188
1999
17,572
2,784
424
2000
17,825
2,791
422
2001
 -

2002

 -
Source: Legislative Finance.

Several other estimates are available that generally show the same pattern. The Alaska Department of Labor averages the number of government workers on the job each month over the calendar year (full-, part-time, and temporary). The U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis does the same calculation from the perspective of Washington, D.C. The U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of the Census also estimates government employment during a specific month during the year. (They include some local government workers in their state figures.)

 

State Government Employment
Year
Alaska Dept. of Labor

USDC BEA

USDC Census
1965
6,994
-
6,721
1966
7,677
-
7,174
1967
8,105
-
7,559
1968
8,684
-
8,297
1969
9,329
-
8,837
1970
10,363
-
9,350
1971
11,730
-
11,000
1972
13,277
-
12,579
1973
13,754
-
12,162
1974
14,200
-
13,823
1975
15,500
-
14,225
1976
14,123
-
14,800
1977
13,860
-
15,920
1978
14,346
-
16,460
1979
14,977
-
18,000
1980
15,360
-
17,759
1981
16,606
-
19,349
1982
18,007
-
20,697
1983
18,860
-
23,082
1984
19,305
-
24,462
1985
20,469
-
25,838
1986
20,184
-
23,744
1987
18,731
-
22,640
1988
19,382
19,158
23,849
1989
20,675
20,383
24,719
1990
21,474
21,231
25,021
1991
21,434
20,783
24,995
1992
21,883
20,535
27,485
1993
21,529
21,328
25,561
1994
21,572
21,527
26,266
1995
21,422
21,483
24,919
1996
21,489
21,288
-
1997
21,225
21,025
25,244
1998
21,538
-
25,540
1999
21,766
-
-
2000
-
-
-
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Commerce.

Most of the growth in total government employment since 1990 has been at the local level.

Local Government Employment

Year
Alaska Dept Labor

USDC/BEA

USDC Census
1965
5,240
-
5,824
1966
5,719
-
6,209
1967
6,282
-
6,731
1968
6,641
-
7,476
1969
7,548
-
7,809
1970
8,076
-
8,124
1971
8,953
-
9,000
1972
9,986
-
10,079
1973
10,575
-
13,390
1974
11,555
-
13,468
1975
13,337
-
14,247
1976
15,211
-
14,064
1977
17,501
-
14,256
1978
19,776
-
15,319
1979
21,640
-
17,000
1980
20,930
-
17,975
1981
21,962
-
17,432
1982
23,542
-
19,117
1983
25,240
-
20,822
1984
27,106
-
22,149
1985
28,730
-
23,476
1986
28,622
-
23,732
1987
27,788
-
24,544
1988
27,812
26,783
24,725
1989
28,167
27,349
24,502
1990
29,526
28,683
24,832
1991
30,048
29,086
25,850
1992
30,838
29,856
26,134
1993
31,331
30,344
27,530
1994
31,202
30,155
31,245
1995
32,062
31,017
32,008
1996
32,353
31,276
-
1997
32,382
31,293
28,081
1998
32,694
-
-
1999
32,684
-
-
2000
-
-
-
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Commerce.

The ratio of public employment to population has been relatively constant since 1990.

Government Employment per 10,000 Population

Year
State and Local

State

Local
1965
454
247
207
1966
452
241
211
1967
467
250
217
1968
516
280
237
1969
524
282
242
1970
515
280
234
1971
595
329
266
1972
637
360
278
1973
702
346
357
1974
730
388
342
1975
752
379
343
1976
685
367
318
1977
678
374
304
1978
724
389
335
1979
775
409
366
1980
803
416
387
1981
803
438
365
1982
820
442
379
1983
814
449
366
1984
793
417
376
1985
757
402
355
1986
770
393
377
1987
758
382
368
1988
789
388
402
1989
813
418
396
1990
786
401
385
1991
772
392
379
1992
784
406
371
1993
734
364
369
1994
792
381
410
1995
757
391
366
1996
-
379
373
1997
747
367
380
1998
720
361
359
1999
780
366
414
2000
770
365
404
2001
-
-
-
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce. Government jobs are Full-time Equivalent.

 

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