The Institute of Social & Economic Research

The Alaska Citizen's Guide to the Budget

Financial Assistance
provided by:

Fiscal Policy Council of Alaska

Comparisons
Budget History
General Fund
Appropriations
Operating Spending
Outlays
Jobs
Payroll
Budget Shifting

 

 

3. Budget History

3.6 Payroll

The state payroll is a common indicator of the size of government. We can look at both the nominal and the real (corrected for inflation) payroll, including benefits, over time. Since 1990 inflation-adjusted payroll has not been increasing.

(See also the Comparison to the US average.)

Budgeted State Payroll

Year

Sum of Personal Services
(
million $)

Anchorage CPI Inflation Adjusted to
2000 $
(million $)
1981
$515.7
92.4
$842.3
1982
579.4
97.4
897.7
1983
730.1
99.2
1,110.5
1984
784.4
103.3
1,145.8
1985
834.7
105.8
1,190.5
1986
879.6
107.8
1,231.3
1987
804.8
108.2
1,122.4
1988
815.9
108.6
1,133.7
1989
883.5
111.7
1,193.5
1990
922.2
118.6
1,173.4
1991
1,002.4
124.0
1,219.9
1992
1,063.3
128.2
1,251.6
1993
1,082.1
132.2
1,235.2
1994
1,109.9
135.0
1,240.6
1995
1,133.2
138.9
1,231.2
1996
1,137.6
142.7
1,203.0
1997
1,137.6
144.8
1,185.5
1998
1,101.2
146.9
1,131.2
1999
1,156.3
148.4
1,175.8
2000
1,165.1
150.9
1,165.1
Sources: Anchorage CPI Index, Legislative Finance.  
  Sum of Personal Services - Legislative Finance, "Actual" Budgets.  

Several other estimates are available that generally show the same pattern. The Alaska Department of Labor reports total payroll, excluding benefits, and the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis does the same calculation from the perspective of Washington D.C. The U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of the Census also estimates government payroll during a specific month during the year.

State Government Payroll
(million $)
Year

Alaska Dept
of Labor

USDC Census

USDC Census: Monthly

1965
$52
-
$4.7
1966
60
-
5.3
1967
68
-
5.7
1968
77
-
6.6
1969
88
-
7.3
1970
107
-
9.1
1971
131
-
11.0
1972
154
-
12.9
1973
163
$162
13.1
1974
200
173
16.0
1975
247
238
20.1
1976
259
283
22.3
1977
290
313
25.6
1978
322
306
27.4
1979
359
351
30.0
1980
426
427
34.2
1981
485
526
40.1
1982
554
643
46.2
1983
607
695
54.2
1984
625
748
57.8
1985
695
755
66.6
1986
699
795
65.2
1987
650
755
64.1
1988
664
749
65.9
1989
715
844
70.1
1990
736
830
75.4
1991
813
885
74
1992
841
880
76
1993
852
898
79
1994
871
897
81.3
1995
866
893
79.8
1996
793
1,001
-
1997
784
976
80.8
1998
795
977
81.4
1999
800
-
84.6
2000
-
-
85.6
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Commerce.


State Government Payroll
(million 1998 $)
Year
Alaska Dept Labor

USDC Census

USDC Census: Monthly

1965
$211
-
$18.8
1966
233
-
20.6
1967
258
-
21.8
1968
285
-
24.4
1969
317
-
26.1
1970
374
-
31.7
1971
442
-
37.1
1972
507
-
42.3
1973
516
$510
41.2
1974
571
491
45.4
1975
620
595
50.2
1976
603
656
51.7
1977
633
682
55.7
1978
655
622
55.7
1979
665
651
55.5
1980
723
724
58.0
1981
764
828
63.1
1982
826
958
68.8
1983
898
1,028
80.2
1984
889
1,064
82.3
1985
961
1,044
92.1
1986
950
1,080
88.5
1987
882
1,024
86.9
1988
898
1,013
89.0
1989
940
1,110
92.1
1990
910
1,026
93.1
1991
961
1,046
87.4
1992
961
1,006
86.9
1993
944
996
87.5
1994
945
974
88.2
1995
915
944
84.3
1996
815
1,029
-
1997
794
989
81.8
1998
795
978
81.4
1999
791
-
83.8
2000
-
-
82.8
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Commerce.

Since 1990, inflation-adjusted local government payroll has also been flat.

Local Government Payroll
(million $)

Year
Alaska Dept Labor

USDC Census

USDC Census: Monthly

1965
$40
-
$3.9
1966
44
-
4.2
1967
51
-
4.7
1968
59
-
5.5
1969
68
-
5.8
1970
81
-
6.7
1971
99
-
8.2
1972
116
-
9.7
1973
127
$115
14.4
1974
138
142
15.2
1975
208
168
18.7
1976
263
210
20.7
1977
291
258
21.9
1978
357
258
25.8
1979
418
302
30.0
1980
464
363
35.2
1981
546
414
39.1
1982
649
475
47.0
1983
726
564
52.9
1984
802
597
59.4
1985
875
709
62.6
1986
899
770
65.2
1987
872
773
62.2
1988
857
809
64.4
1989
887
832
68.2
1990
925
827
71.1
1991
968
846
73.5
1992
1,037
875
75.1
1993
1,079
918
77.1
1994
1,121
929
94.5
1995
1,135
930
90.2
1996
1,131
961
-
1997
1,144
-
83.2
1998
1,141
-
81.3
1999
1,126
-
88.4
2000
-
-
91.4
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Commerce.

 

Local Government Payroll
(million 1998 $)

Year
Alaska Dept Labor

USDC Census

USDC Census: Monthly
1965
$161
-
$15.7
1966
172
-
16.5
1967
193
-
18.0
1968
220
-
20.3
1969
246
-
21.0
1970
282
-
23.1
1971
334
-
27.6
1972
382
-
32.0
1973
401
$363
45.5
1974
391
404
43.1
1975
519
421
46.7
1976
611
488
48.0
1977
633
561
47.7
1978
726
524
52.5
1979
774
559
55.5
1980
787
615
60.0
1981
859
651
61.5
1982
966
708
70.0
1983
1,074
834
78.2
1984
1,140
848
84.5
1985
1,210
981
86.6
1986
1,221
1,046
88.5
1987
1,183
1,049
84.3
1988
1,158
1,093
87.0
1989
1,166
1,093
90.0
1990
1,143
1,023
87.8
1991
1,144
1,000
86.9
1992
1,185
1,000
85.9
1993
1,196
1,018
85.5
1994
1,216
1,009
102.5
1995
1,199
982
95.2
1996
1,162
988
-
1997
1,159
-
84.2
1998
1,141
-
81.3
1999
1,114
-
-
2000
-
-
-
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Commerce.

This slowdown in public payroll growth is reflected in a falling ratio of public payroll to personal income. The downward trend is more evident in state government than in local government.

Government Payroll as Percent of Personal Income

Year
State and Local

State

Local
1965
10.2%
5.8%
4.4%
1966
10.6
6.1
4.5
1967
10.9
6.2
4.7
1968
11.5
6.5
5
1969
11.1
6.3
4.9
1970
11.8
6.8
5.1
1971
13
7.4
5.6
1972
14
8
6
1973
12.8
7.2
5.6
1974
12.1
7.2
4.9
1975
11.6
6.3
5.3
1976
11
5.5
5.6
1977
11.9
5.9
5.9
1978
13.6
6.4
7.1
1979
14.6
6.7
7.8
1980
14.8
7.1
7.7
1981
14.9
7.0
7.9
1982
14.6
6.7
7.8
1983
14.3
6.5
7.8
1984
14.3
6.3
8.1
1985
14.6
6.5
8.1
1986
14.9
6.5
8.4
1987
14.6
6.2
8.4
1988
14.1
6.2
8
1989
13.6
6.1
7.5
1990
13.2
5.9
7.4
1991
13.5
6.1
7.3
1992
13.4
6.0
7.4
1993
13.1
5.8
7.3
1994
13.1
5.7
7.4
1995
12.9
5.6
7.3
1996
12.2
5.0
7.2
1997
11.7
4.8
7.0
1998
11.3
4.6
6.7
1999
-
-
-
2000
-
-
-
2001
-
-
-
Source: Alaska.Department of Labor, and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

 

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