The Institute of Social & Economic Research

The Alaska Citizen's Guide to the Budget

Financial Assistance
provided by:

Fiscal Policy Council of Alaska

Comparisons
Comparisons
Outlays—Per Capita
Outlays—Big Items
Outlays—History
Outlays—Rankings
Jobs and Payroll—Per Capita
Jobs and Payroll—Big Items
Jobs and Payroll—History
Jobs and Payroll—Rank
Assets and Debt
Financing Govt.
Compare Wyoming
Why Alaska Spends More
Tax Burden
State Share

 

 

4. Comparison to Other States

4.7 Historical Trends in Jobs and Wage Rate Compared to U.S. Average

Employment. The concentration of state and local government workers in Alaska has been trending downward compared to the U.S. average and in 2000 was 44 percent above the average.

Public Employment (State and Local) per 10,000 Population
Year
Alaska
US Average
Ratio
1965
454
358
1.27
1966
452
378
1.20
1967
467
386
1.21
1968
516
396
1.30
1969
524
404
1.30
1970
515
420
1.23
1971
595
427
1.39
1972
637
442
1.44
1973
702
456
1.54
1974
730
467
1.56
1975
752
476
1.58
1976
685
475
1.44
1977
678
495
1.37
1978
724
492
1.47
1979
775
498
1.56
1980
803
488
1.65
1981
803
476
1.69
1982
820
468
1.75
1983
814
465
1.75
1984
793
472
1.68
1985
757
443
1.71
1986
770
492
1.57
1987
758
497
1.53
1988
789
505
1.56
1989
813
518
1.57
1990
786
526
1.49
1991
772
523
1.48
1992
784
524
1.50
1993
734
521
1.41
1994
792
534
1.48
1995
757
536
1.41
1996
-
-
-
1997
747
531
1.41
1998
720
536
1.34
1999
780
541
1.44
2000
770
535
1.44
2001
     
2002
     
Source: U.S. Dept of Commerce, Governmental Finances.

The differential is all concentrated at the state level. There are no more local government employees per 10,000 than the U.S. average. (The U.S. Department of Commerce counts some local government employees as state workers.)

State Employment per 10,000 Population
Year
Alaska
U.S. Average
Ratio
1965
247
90
2.74
1966
241
95
2.53
1967
250
98
2.54
1968
280
105
2.67
1969
282
108
2.62
1970
280
113
2.48
1971
329
116
2.84
1972
360
119
3.02
1973
346
121
2.86
1974
388
126
3.08
1975
379
129
2.94
1976
367
130
2.82
1977
374
134
2.79
1978
389
136
2.86
1979
409
140
2.92
1980
416
137
3.04
1981
438
135
3.24
1982
442
133
3.32
1983
449
133
3.38
1984
417
135
3.09
1985
402
125
3.22
1986
393
143
2.75
1987
382
143
2.67
1988
388
148
2.62
1989
418
151
2.77
1990
401
154
2.60
1991
392
152
2.58
1992
406
150
2.70
1993
364
151
2.41
1994
381
150
2.54
1995
391
151
2.59
1996
-
-
-
1997
367
149
2.46
1998
361
147
2.45
1999
366
148
2.47
2000
365
145
2.52
2001
     
2002
     
Source: U.S. Dept of Commerce, Governmental Finances.

 

Local Employment per 10,000 Population
Year
Alaska
U.S. Average
Ratio
1965
207
268
.77
1966
211
283
.75
1967
217
287
.76
1968
237
291
.81
1969
242
296
.82
1970
234
306
.76
1971
266
311
.86
1972
278
323
.86
1973
357
355
1.01
1974
342
342
1.00
1975
343
347
.99
1976
318
345
.92
1977
304
351
.87
1978
335
356
.94
1979
366
368
1.02
1980
387
351
1.10
1981
365
341
1.07
1982
379
335
1.13
1983
366
332
1.10
1984
376
337
1.12
1985
355
317
1.12
1986
377
349
1.08
1987
368
353
1.04
1988
401
357
1.13
1989
396
367
1.08
1990
385
371
1.04
1991
379
371
1.02
1992
371
373
.99
1993
369
371
1.00
1994
410
384
1.07
1995
366
385
.95
1996
-
-
-
1997
380
382
.99
1998
359
389
.92
1999
414
393
1.05
2000
404
390
1.04
2001
     
2002
     
Source: U.S. Dept of Commerce, Governmental Finances.

 

Wage Rates in state and local government in Alaska have been falling compared to the U.S. average. In 2002 the cost-of-living-adjusted wage was 6 percent lower than the U.S. average.

Public (State and Local) FTE Monthly Wage Rates
Year
Alaska COLA Adjusted
U.S. Average
Ratio
1965
$487
$490
.99
1966
$502
$515
.98
1967
$537
$561
.96
1968
$569
$603
.94
1969
$599
$644
.93
1970
$702
$693
1.01
1971
$738
$725
1.02
1972
$770
$764
1.01
1973
$854
$837
1.02
1974
$911
$894
1.02
1975
$1,053
$955
1.10
1976
$1,113
$1,016
1.10
1977
$1,166
$1,074
1.09
1978
$1,240
$1,132
1.10
1979
$1,295
$1,220
1.06
1980
$1,552
$1,333
1.16
1981
$1,757
$1,461
1.20
1982
$1,912
$1,585
1.21
1983
$2,069
$1,674
1.24
1984
$2,217
$1,774
1.25
1985
$2,473
$2,002
1.22
1986
$2,385
$1,950
1.22
1987
$2,496
$2,024
1.23
1988
$2,788
$2,114
1.32
1989
$2,653
$2,211
1.20
1990
$2,758
$2,311
1.19
1991
$2,718
$2,393
1.14
1992
$2,671
$2,480
1.08
1993
$2,860
$2,569
1.11
1994
$2,978
$2,627
1.13
1995
$3,007
$2,677
1.12
1996
-
-
-
1997
$2,936
$2,773
1.06
1998
$3,000
$2,874
1.04
1999
$2,952
$2,976
.99
2000
$3,062
$3,096
.99
2001
$3,127
$3,203
.98
2002
$3,143
$3,354
.94
Sources: U.S. Dept of Commerce, Governmental Finances, and ISER. FTE is "full-time equivalent" workers.

There is not much difference in the Alaska wage rate differential between state and local government.

State FTE Monthly Wage Rates
Year
Alaska COLA Adjusted
US Average
Ratio
1965
$511
$485
1.05
1966
$547
$523
1.05
1967
$576
$567
1.02
1968
$601
$603
1.00
1969
$647
$656
.99
1970
$782
$700
1.12
1971
$809
$731
1.11
1972
$815
$782
1.04
1973
$864
$843
1.03
1974
$922
$908
1.01
1975
$1,090
$967
1.13
1976
$1,128
$1,034
1.09
1977
$1,195
$1,103
1.08
1978
$1,246
$1,174
1.06
1979
$1,278
$1,259
1.01
1980
$1,548
$1,379
1.12
1981
$1,711
$1,512
1.13
1982
$1,847
$1,631
1.13
1983
$1,992
$1,716
1.16
1984
$2,179
$1,830
1.19
1985
$2,518
$2,116
1.19
1986
$2,450
$1,979
1.24
1987
$2,608
$2,090
1.25
1988
$2,902
$2,175
1.33
1989
$2,746
$2,277
1.31
1990
$2,916
$2,365
1.23
1991
$2,810
$2,464
1.14
1992
$2,697
$2,542
1.06
1993
$3,049
$2,644
1.15
1994
$2,996
$2,723
1.10
1995
$3,060
$2,751
1.11
1996
-
-
-
1997
$3,086
$2,863
1.08
1998
$3,142
$2,972
1.06
1999
$3,203
$3,115
1.04
2000
$3,273
$3,253
1.01
2001
$3,264
$3,387
.96
2002
$3,361
$3,514
.96
Sources: U.S. Dept of Commerce, Governmental Finances, and ISER.

 

Local FTE Monthly Wage Rates
Year
Alaska COLA Adjusted
US Average
Ratio
1965
$473
$492
.96
1966
$467
$512
.91
1967
$509
$559
.91
1968
$549
$603
.91
1969
$563
$639
.88
1970
$633
$690
.92
1971
$698
$723
.97
1972
$740
$758
.98
1973
$858
$833
1.03
1974
$921
$889
1.04
1975
$1,040
$951
1.09
1976
$1,123
$957
1.17
1977
$1,167
$1,064
1.10
1978
$1,264
$1,116
1.13
1979
$1,344
$1,204
1.12
1980
$1,589
$1,315
1.21
1981
$1,854
$1,441
1.29
1982
$2,031
$1,567
1.30
1983
$2,215
$1,658
1.34
1984
$2,307
$1,751
1.32
1985
$2,484
$1,984
1.25
1986
$2,370
$1,937
1.22
1987
$2,438
$1,997
1.22
1988
$2,734
$2,090
1.31
1989
$2,616
$2,184
1.20
1990
$2,660
$2,289
1.16
1991
$2,682
$2,363
1.13
1992
$2,705
$2,455
1.10
1993
$2,735
$2,539
1.08
1994
$3,006
$2,589
1.16
1995
$3,006
$2,647
1.14
1996
-
-
-
1997
$2,849
$2,738
1.04
1998
$2,921
$2,837
1.03
1999
$2,762
$2,923
.94
2000
$2,927
$3,038
.96
2001
$3,055
$3,135
.97
2002
$3,000
$3,294
.91
Sources: U.S. Dept of Commerce, Governmental Finances, and ISER.

 

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